Criterion Auctioneers Ltd

Glossary of Terms

Painting & Print Cataloguing Terms

Our Cataloguers use the following words when describing pictures or prints in our auction catalogues. Any
statement as to authorship, attribution, origin, date, Criterion Auctioneers reserves the right, in forming its opinion, to consult and rely upon an expert or authority considered by us to be reliable.
 

‘Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: In our opinion, a work by the artist,

‘Attributed to Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: In our opinion, probably a work by the artist,

‘Studio of Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: A work we believe to come from the studio of the artist or
closely associated with the artist,

‘Circle of Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: A work we believe by an unidentified artist working in the artist’s
style and created during the period of the artist’s life,

‘Follower of Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: A work we believe by an unidentified artist working in the
named artist’s style, at the same time or soon after,

‘School of Lucien Pissaro, early 20th century’: A work we believe executed at that time and in the style
associated with that artist,

‘Paris School, 19th century’: A work we believe executed at that time and in the style associated with that
location.

‘Manner of Lucien Pissaro’: A work we believe by an unidentified artist working in the artist’s style but at a
later date, although not of recent execution.

‘Style of Lucien Pissaro’: A work we believe by an unidentified artist working in the artist’s style and of
recent execution.

‘After Lucien Pissarro (1863-1944)’: A work we believe is a copy by an unidentified artist of a named work
by the artist.

• A piece described with accompanying dates e.g. "1577-1640" relates to the identification of the particular
artist and is not proof of attribution or indicative of authenticity.

• The term "signed and/or date and/or inscribed" means that in Criterion Auctioneer’s Cataloguers’ opinion
the signature and/or date and/or inscription are of the artist.

• The term "bears signature and/or date and/or inscription" means that in Criterion’s opinion that artist’s
name and/or date and/or inscription have been added by another hand.

• All references to "signature, inscriptions and dates" refer to the present state of the work.

Paintings: sizes are given in cm, Height then Width, and are measured from the mount or the frame, from
the front.

Prints: sizes are given in cm, Height then Width and are measured from the edges of the plate in the case
of prints where there is a plate mark such as an etching or engraving, if this is visible, and if not, from the
edges of the sheet where visible. If the print does not have a plate mark such as a lithograph, screenprint
or woodcut, the measurements are taken from the edge of the sheet where visible. If the edges of the
sheet are not visible, the work is measured from the recto or the visible sheet if mounted and framed.

• All works are framed, unless otherwise stated in the catalogue.

• All sales are subject to the conditions printed in the catalogue.

• Works marked as ARR are potentially subject to Artist Resale Rights, a payment made by you through us
to the Estate of an artist dead less than 70 years, or to a living artist.